• Jennifer Prah Ruger, PhD

Jennifer Prah Ruger, PhD, MSc, MA, MSL

Biosketch

Jennifer Prah Ruger is a leading scholar of global and domestic health policy and public health. She conducts theoretical and empirical studies of health equity to reduce global and national health inequities with a focus on the most impoverished populations worldwide, especially women and children.  Dr. Ruger draws on her training in political economy, health policy, international relations, comparative social research and law to cross disciplines and reexamine the principles and values that underlie health policy and public health and apply these principles empirically.  She created the health capability paradigm, challenging existing approaches and illuminating optimal health policies and she has developed an empirical approach to evaluate public health programs and health policies as they measure up to that paradigm.  Dr. Ruger’s scholarship has critically scrutinized the existing global health architecture in order to identify more effective global health policy responses linking public policy and law to global health theory at the global and national levels.  Dr. Ruger studies critical health policy and public health problems such as the equity and efficiency of health system access, financing, resource allocation, policy reform and the social determinants of health.  Her scholarship includes areas such as global health justice; global health governance; health and social justice; and shared health governance. Her research is conducted internationally and nationally, including work in Ghana, India, Indonesia, Malawi, Malaysia, Morocco, South Korea, South Africa, the United States and Vietnam. 

Dr. Ruger has 100 total publications and has been cited by the United Nations, World Bank, World Health Organization and United States Government.  She has been Principal Investigator and Co-Investigator on awards from the National Institutes of Health, Fogarty International Center, Hewlett Foundation, Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation and she was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship to complete her forthcoming book, Global Health Justice and Governance (OUP, in press), which advances a theory of global health justice and governance called provincial globalism.  She received a Greenwall Faculty Scholar Award in Bioethics and a Donaghue Investigator Award in ethics and economics of health disparities.

Dr. Ruger was a member of the Institute of Medicine's Board on Global Health; the Ethics Subcommittee of the Advisory Committee to the Director at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Institute of Medicine's Committee to Evaluate The U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).  She has served on several international and national advisory and expert review committees, including for the World Health Organization, National Institutes of Health, Fulbright Program, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and institutions in East Asia, the Middle East, and Europe. She is the past Chair and Program Chair of the Ethics Special Primary Interest Group (SPIG) of the American Public Health Association.  She was previously the Co-Director of the Yale-World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Health Promotion, Policy and Research. She served previously at the World Bank as health economist and speechwriter to president James D. Wolfensohn and on the health and development satellite secretariat of WHO Director-General Gro Harlem Brundtland’s Transition Team. In 2014, she was elected to the Council on Foreign Relations.  

Dr. Ruger received a bachelor’s degree in the honors program in political economy from the University of California-Berkeley, master’s degrees from Oxford University, the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and Yale University, a doctoral degree from Harvard University, and completed a post-doctoral fellowship at Harvard's Center for Population and Development.

Selected Publications

Ruger J:

2012. “Global Health Governance as Shared Health Governance.” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 66(7): 653-61

Ruger J:

2012. “Fair Enough? Inviting Inequities in State Health Benefits.” New England Journal of Medicine, 366(8): 681-683.

Ruger J:

2012. “An Alternative Framework for Analyzing Financial Protection in Health.” PLoS Med, 9(8).

Ruger J:

2012. “Global Health Justice and Governance.” American Journal of Bioethics, 12(12): 35-54

Ruger J:

2012. “Responses to Open Peer Commentaries on ‘Global Health Justice and Governance.’” American Journal of Bioethics, 12(12): W6-W8

Ruger J:

2011. “Shared Health Governance.” American Journal of Bioethics, 11(7): 32-45.

Ruger J:

2011. “Responses to Peer Commentaries on ‘Shared Health Governance.’” American Journal of Bioethics, 11(7): 32-45.

Ruger J, Jamison DT, Bloom D, Canning D:

2011. “Chapter 15: Health and Economy, 3rd Ed.” Global Health: Diseases, Programs, Systems, and Policies, (757-814).

Ruger, J:

2011. Symposium on Jennifer Prah Ruger’s, Health and Social Justice  (OUP, 2009). Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Editor: David A. Clark

Ng N, Ruger J:

2010. “Global Health Governance at a Crossroads." Global Health Governance, 3(2): 1-37.

Ruger J:

2009. Health and Social Justice. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

View Dr. Ruger's research on her SSRN Author page: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=670462

Education

Harvard University, PhD, Health Policy

Yale University, MSL, Law

Oxford University, MSc, Comparative Social Research

Tufts University, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, MA, International Relations

University of California-Berkeley, AB, Political Economy

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